Selukwe was founded in 1899 and lies some 23 miles (37km) south-east of Gwelo. It is the centre of a chrome and gold mining district. The name of the town derives from a bare oval granite kopje, in the same shape as the pig pens that the BaVenda people used to build. The Venda word for "pig pen" is chirugwe, varied by the Matabele to Selukwe.
southern Africa and further afield went to the gold mines, most mineworkers came from the former Portuguese East Africa (Van der Horst 1971: 136). On the eve of the Anglo-Boer War (1899–1902) about 60 per cent of the unskilled labourers on the gold mines were Mozambicans. A labour agreement between the Zuid Afrikaansche
Southern Rhodesia, attention having focussed primarily upon the liberation of the Portuguese occupied territories. In particular, the intensification of ... that the hopes placed in gold-mining had been ill-founded. The Company consequently was faced with acute financial difficulties. Up to 1900 revenue
The determination of Southern Rhodesian economic minerals: No 42: N Barlow: 1955: Entire: Bulletin: The larger gold mines of Southern Rhodesia: No 26: B Lightfoot: 1934: Entire: Bulletin - c: Gold Deposits and Mines: No 44 part II: J W Wiles: 1957: Entire: Report: Investment Proposal for Securing Gold Mines in Zimbabwe * Venmyn Rand * Entire ...
The early years of the century also saw intensified recruiting of African labour from Northern Rhodesia, Mozambique, and Nyasaland for the hundreds of small mines working scattered gold deposits in Southern Rhodesia. Because mining profits were so low in Southern Rhodesia, wages, food, housing, and health conditions were cut back ruthlessly ...
Nov 02, 2016· This paper uses miner-farmer relations in post-1923 Southern Rhodesia as a lens to delineate the protean nature of state policy in dealing with sectorial interests of the two foremost primary sectors of the country's economy, highlighting how agriculture eventually toppled mining from the apex position by 1945 – both economically and politically.
mining sector which have been either overlooked or ignored. In the coal mines of Natal and the Transvaal, for example, the ruling prices of coal ensured that profit margins were even more slender than those existing for gold. Gold mines in Southern-Rhodesia were likewise disadvantaged compared with their more favoured neighbours further south.
MIGRANT LABOR IN SOUTHERN RHODESIA* PETER SCOTT S INCE World War II, Southem Rhodesia has been undergoing an economic revolution. Throughout its previous history, gold mining had remained the basis of its economy, but in the postwar years this has been overshadowed by an agricultural expansion that has brought new wealth to the Colony.
Pre-European mining at what became the Globe and Phoenix Mine. Roger Summers in his book on Ancient Mining in Rhodesia describes the Phoenix reef and the Parallel reef as being about 270 metres apart on the top of the low hill to the west of Kwekwe as being on the contact zone between granite and basement schist. In 1969 when the book was ...
that time, distinguished Southern Rhodesia from practically all other African colonial territories north of the Limpopo and South of the Sahara, where exploitation of resources was carried out by large-scale. international . capitalism. In these other territories, where exploitation was based on large-scale mining or plantation or monopoly trade,
Summers' Ancient Mining in Rhodesia and Adjacent Areas25, which details what he terms to be 'ancient' (here, pre-colonial) copper and gold mines and mining techniques, is perhaps the most comprehensive source yet written on the topic. Summers classifies, 'for convenience', ancient workings into four types26: Open stopes
The British South African Company (BSAC) was established by Cecil Rhodes in Oct 1889 and was the dominating force in the Southern Rhodesia until 1923 and Northern Rhodesia until 1924 when the British Colonial Office took over control. The BSAC encouraging the immigration of white settlers with exaggerated tales of gold deposits.
Chibaro was a term widely used in Southern Africa. Synonymous with contract, forced, or migrant labor, it became more specifically associated with the contract labor of the R.N.L.B. (Rhodesian Native Labour Board) and was by 1910 used by management and 'independent' black workers alike as a term of ridicule. The setting of Chibaro is the small-to-medium scale gold mining industry in land ...
Bushtick Mine was a gold mining operation established in the 1920s and operative through early 1950s in Essexvale District, Matabeleland in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe).It was established by the British South Africa Company.. The mine was a substantial producer of gold and, initially, thought to be part of a significant deposit of the precious metal in the area.
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